General Science – Biology MCQs

26. The vaccine of which of the following diseases was not included in the Expanded Programme on Immunization (EPI) initiated by the Government of India in 1978?

(A) Polio
(B) Diphtheria
(C) Measles
(D) Tuberculosis

Correct Answer: (C) Measles

Answer Explanation:

The Expanded Programme on Immunization (EPI) was initiated in India in 1978 with the objective to reduce morbidity and mortality from diphtheria, pertussis, tetanus, poliomyelitis and childhood tuberculosis by providing immunization services to all eligible children and pregnant women by 1990. Measles vaccine was included when the EPI was accelerated by launching the Universal Immunization Programme (UIP) in 1985-6. Approximately half of all infants now receive complete primary immunization with diphtheria, polio and tetanus (DPT), oral polio vaccine (OPV) and BCG vaccine.

27. The term Cyberknife is most closely associated with which among the following?

(A) Magnetic Resonance
(B) Cancer Surgery
(C) Software Security
(D) Remote sensing

Correct Answer: (B) Cancer Surgery

28. Deposition of which among the following in the joints, causing inflammation is reason of Gout, one of the forms of arthritis?

(A) Lactic Acid
(B) Oxalic Acid
(C) Acetic Acid
(D) Uric Acid

Correct Answer: (D) Uric Acid

Answer Explanation:

Gout is caused by deposition of uric acid crystals in the joint, causing inflammation. There is also an uncommon form of gouty arthritis caused by the formation of rhomboid crystals of calcium pyrophosphate known as pseudogout. In the early stages, the gouty arthritis usually occur in one joint, but with time, it can occur in many joints and be quite crippling. The joints in gout can often become swollen and lose function.

29. The phenomenon in which seeds germinate and seedlings grow while still attached to their mother plant before dropping down to establish themselves or be transported elsewhere, is most commonly found in which among the following plants?

(A) Allium cepa
(B) Rhizophora
(C) Solanum tuberosum
(D) Solanum melongena

Correct Answer: (B) Rhizophora

Answer Explanation:

Allium cepa is onion.
Solanum tuberosum is potato,
Solanum melongena is Brinjal.
The phenomenon given in this question is shown by Mangrove Plants and is known as Vivipary and Rhizophora belongs to that category.

30. The hormonal activities of which of the following substances were discovered while studying “foolish seedling” disease in rice?

(A) Cytokinins
(B) Ethylene
(C) Auxins
(D) Gibberellin

Correct Answer: (D) Gibberellin

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