Modern Indian History & Freedom Struggle

111. When did Rajguru and Bhagat Singh kill Saunders?

(A) 1915
(B) 1922
(C) 1928
(D) 1931

Correct Answer: (C) 1928

Answer Explanation:
Saunders was killed by Raj Guru and Bhagat Singh on 17th December 1928 to take revenge of the killing of Lala Lajpat Rai. Saunders severely beat Lala Lajpat Rai when he was agitating against the Simon commission. Lala Lajpat Rai died on 17th November 1928.

112. Who of the following was the Brigadier-General of Punjab who ordered troops of the British Indian Army to fire on unarmed Indian civilians in Jallianwala Bagh?

(A) Michael O’Dwyer
(B) Edward Dyer
(C) Reginald Dyer
(D) None of the above

Correct Answer: (C) Reginald Dyer

Answer Explanation:
Reginald Edward Harry Dyer (Also known as the Butcher of Amritsar) the Brigadier-General of Punjab ordered troops of the British Indian Army to fire on unarmed Indian civilians in Jallianwala Bagh on 13th April 1919. The Lieutenant-Governor of Punjab was Sir Michael O’Dwyer (Also known as the iron man of Punjab).

113. Tilak Swaraj Fund was announced as a part of the which of the following revolutionary movement?

(A) Champaran Satyagraha Movement
(B) Civil Disobedience Movement
(C) Non-cooperation Movement
(D) Quit India Movement

Correct Answer: (C) Non-cooperation Movement

Answer Explanation:
Mahatma Gandhi announced the Tilak Swaraj Fund as a part of the non-cooperation movement. It was targeted to collect 1 crore rupees. Bombay gifted Rs 37.5 lakh.

114. Who of the following helped for the reunion of Moderates and the Extremists in the Lucknow Pact?

1. Annie Besant
2. Gopal Krishna Gokhale
3. Bal Gangadhar tilak
4. Pherozeshah Mehta

Choose the correct option from the codes given below :

(A) 1 only
(B) 1 & 3
(C) 1, 3 & 4
(D) 1, 2, 3 & 4

Correct Answer: (B) 1 & 3

Answer Explanation:
Annie Besant and Bal Gangadhar tilak the reunion of Moderates and the Extremists in the Lucknow Pact in 1916. Death of Gopal Krishna Gokhale and Pherozeshah Mehta helped the entire process but they were not actively involved.

115. Who was/ were the founders of Rahanumai Mazdayasanan Sabha?

1. Dadabhai Naoroji
2. J.B. Wacha
3. S.S. Bangali
4. Naoroji Furdonji

Choose the correct option from the codes given below :

(A) 1 only
(B) 1 & 3
(C) 2, 3 & 4
(D) 1, 2, 3 & 4

Correct Answer: (D) 1, 2, 3 & 4

Answer Explanation:
Rahanumai Mazdayasanan Sabha was founded in 1851. It was founded by J.B. Wacha, Naoroji Furdonji, Dadabhai Naoroji, and S.S. Bangali. Its main objective was conducting social reforms of the Parsis. The weekly magazine of this organization was “Rast Goftar” or the Voice of Truth.

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