Modern Indian History & Freedom Struggle

6. Who among the following is considered to be the last Independent Nawab of Bengal?

(A) Siraj ud Daula
(B) Mir Kasim
(C) Mir Jafar
(D) Shujaud Daula

Correct Answer: (A) Siraj ud Daula

7. The Lucknow session of Indian National Congress that took place in 1916 presided by__:

(A) Rash Bihari Ghosh
(B) Ambika Charan Majumdar
(C) Bhupendra Nath Bose
(D) None of the above

Correct Answer: (B) Ambika Charan Majumdar

Answer Explanation:
Ambika Charan Majumdar was the president of the Indian National Congress for the Lucknow session 1916.

8. Who among the following founded the Indian Society of Oriental Art to revive the ancient art traditions of India?

(A) Abanindranath Tagore
(B) Ravindranath Tagore
(C) Surendranath Ganguly
(D) Mukul Dey

Correct Answer: (A) Abanindranath Tagore

Answer Explanation:
Abanindranath Tagore had founded the Indian Society of Oriental Art in Kolkata to revive the ancient art traditions of India. He was the principal of the government school of art and a great artist of modern India.

9. Which of the following was the primary objective of the Cripps Mission?

(A) To prevent the launch of Quit India Movement
(B) To persuade Indian Leaders to support the British War Efforts
(C) To Convince the Congress Ministries to withdraw their resignations
(D) To set up a Constitution making body

Correct Answer: (B) To persuade Indian Leaders to support the British War Efforts

Answer Explanation:
The Cripps mission was an attempt in late March 1942 by the British government to secure Indian cooperation and support for their efforts in World War II. The mission was headed by Sir Stafford Cripps, a senior left-wing politician and government minister in the War Cabinet of Prime Minister Winston Churchill. The mission proved a failure.

10. The national anthem of India ‘Jana Gana Mana’ was first sung at __:

(A) Calcutta, 1911
(B) Calcutta, 1912
(C) Delhi, 1911
(D) Mumbai, 1912

Correct Answer: (A) Calcutta, 1911

Answer Explanation:
“Jana Gana Mana ” is the national anthem of India. Written in highly Sanskritised (Tatsama) Bengali, it is the first of five stanzas of a Brahmo hymn composed and scored by Nobel laureate Rabindranath Tagore. It was first sung in [1] Calcutta Session of the Indian National Congress on 27 December 1911. “Jana Gana Mana” was officially adopted by the Constituent Assembly as the Indian national anthem on 24 January 1950. 27 December 2011 marked the completion of 100 years of Jana Gana Mana since it was sung for the first time. The original poem written by Rabindranath Tagore was translated into Hindi by Abid Ali.

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