Modern Indian History & Freedom Struggle

101. Who of the following Viceroy of India previously worked as the governor of Jamaica?

(A) Lord Canning
(B) Lord Mayo
(C) Lord Elgin
(D) Lord Lawrence

Correct Answer: (C) Lord Elgin

Answer Explanation:
Lord Elgin was appointed as the Viceroy of India in the year 1862. Previously he served as a Governor of Jamaica from 1872 to 1846 and Governor-General of the province of Canada from 1847 to 1854. His viceroyship ended in the year 1863.

102. First Famine code was formulated in which year?

(A) 1881
(B) 1883
(C) 1885
(D) 1889

Correct Answer: (B) 1883

Answer Explanation:
The first famine code was formulated in the year 1883 by the British Commission during the viceroyship of Lord Ripon. It was actually precautionary measures and necessary instructions to be followed during a Famine.

103. Which of the following commission was appointed by Lord Curzon to inquire into the working of police administration?

(A) Mcdonand Commission
(B) Releigh Commission
(C) Fraser Commission
(D) Punchi Commission

Correct Answer: (C) Fraser Commission

Answer Explanation:
Fraser Commission was appointed by Lord Curzon in the year 1902. Sir Andrew Henderson Leith Fraser was the chairman of this commission. In its report, the Fraser Commission expressed a complete dissatisfaction with the police administration of India.

104. The McMahon Line was defined between Tibet and British India in which year?

(A) 1858
(B) 1899
(C) 1905
(D) 1914

Correct Answer: (D) 1914

Answer Explanation:
In the year 1914, at the Simla conference, British colonial administrator Henry McMahon defined the boundary line between Tibet and India. Lord Hardinge II was the then Viceroy of India.

105. Which among the following incidents took place during the time of Lord Chelmsford?

1. Gandhiji returned from South Africa
2. Jallianwala Bagh massacre took place
3. Montagu Chelmsford Reforms passed
4. Third Anglo-Afghan war was fought

Choose the correct option from the codes given below :

(A) 2 & 4
(B) 1, 2 & 3
(C) 1, 3 & 4
(D) 1, 2, 3 & 4

Correct Answer: (D) 1, 2, 3 & 4

Answer Explanation:
Gandhiji returned from South Africa in the year 1915 (9th January). Jallianwala Bagh massacre took place in 1919 (13th April). Montagu Chelmsford Reforms passed in 1919. Third Anglo-Afghan war was fought in the year 1919 (From 6th May to 8th August).

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