Modern Indian History & Freedom Struggle

71. Lord Cornwallis transferred the Sadar Nizamat Adalat to which of the following places?

(A) Calcutta
(B) Mushirdabad
(C) Bhagalpur
(D) Monghyr

Correct Answer: (A) Calcutta

Answer Explanation:
Lord Cornwallis transferred the Sadar Nizamat Adalat to Calcutta (now Kolkata). Previously it was in Murshidabad. The court was directed to meet at least once a week for their business practices.

72. In which year Lord Wellesley came to India as a Governor General?

(A) 1795
(B) 1798
(C) 1799
(D) 1802

Correct Answer: (B) 1798

Answer Explanation:
Lord Wellesley came to India in the year 1798. He was appointed the Governor-General of Bengal at the age of 37. At that time the condition was very critical for the English as so many regional power and the French were waiting to defeat the English.

73. Lord Hastings appointed the Sardar Amins in every Zila or City to perform the cases up to which of the following amounts?

(A) Rs. 64
(B) Rs. 100
(C) Rs. 150
(D) Rs. 300

Correct Answer: (C) Rs. 150

Answer Explanation:
Lord Hastings appointed the Sardar Amins in every Zila or City to perform the cases up to Rs. 150. The judges of the Diwani Adalat with the approval of the Provincial Court of Appeal used to appoint the Sardar Amins.

74. Who of the following is referred to as “Rough, crude but intelligent Chitpavan Brahmin”?

(A) Bajirao I
(B) Balaji Vishwanath
(C) Balaji Bajirao II
(D) Sivaji

Correct Answer: (B) Balaji Vishwanath

Answer Explanation:
Balaji Biswanath was born in a Chitpavan Brahmin family of Konkan. He was appointed as the Senakarte or Peshwa or Prime minister of Shahu in the year 1713.

75. Balaji Vishwanath died in which year?

(A) 1714
(B) 1718
(C) 1720
(D) 1725

Correct Answer: (C) 1720

Answer Explanation:
In the year 1719 Balaji Vishwanath asked for leave from Shahu due to his ill health. Later he died in the year 1720 (12th April). After his death, Bajirao I (Son of Balaji Vishwanath) was appointed the Peshwa of Shahu.

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