Modern Indian History & Freedom Struggle

51. In which of the following gives the International Gandhi Award?

(A) Government of India
(B) Gandhi Memorial Leprosy Foundation
(C) United nations
(D) Gandhi Foundation

Correct Answer: (B) Gandhi Memorial Leprosy Foundation

Answer Explanation:
To commemorate Mahatma Gandhi’s service and scientific approach to leprosy, in 1986 the Gandhi Memorial Leprosy Foundation instituted the International Gandhi Award.

52. In which of the following sessions Mahatma Gandhi became president of INC?

(A) Delhi
(B) Gaya
(C) Belgaum
(D) Lucknow

Correct Answer: (C) Belgaum

53. During the World War -II which among the following was not a major Axis Power?

(A) Germany
(B) Japan
(C) Hungary
(D) France

Correct Answer: (D) France

54. Which of the following country’s governments is known to impose the policy of Apartheid between 1948 and 1994 which curtailed rights of the black inhabitants and maintained the rights of whites?

(A) Australia
(B) New Zea Land
(C) South Africa
(D) United States

Correct Answer: (C) South Africa

55. Who among the following is known to organize a military force of Sikhs called Khalsa to avenge the murder of his father thus establishing Khalsa Panth?

(A) Guru Teg Bahadur
(B) Guru Gobind Singh
(C) Banda Bahadur
(D) Guru Arjun Dev

Correct Answer: (B) Guru Gobind Singh

Answer Explanation:
The 9th Guru of Sikhs and the father of Guru Gobind Singh, Guru Teg Bahadur was captured and executed by Aurangazeb in 1675 because he refused to embrace Islam. This made Sikhs resent to the religious intolerance of Mughal. His son Guru Gobind Singh had raised this military force organized his followers into the force called Khalsa.

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