Modern Indian History & Freedom Struggle

96. Lord Mayo founded the Mayo college in which of the following places of India

(A) Ajmer
(B) Gwalior
(C) Indore
(D) Allahabad

Correct Answer: (A) Ajmer

Answer Explanation:
Mayo college was founded by Lord Mayo in the year 1875 in Ajmer, Rajasthan. The purpose of building this college was to provide education to the children of the Indian princess. The name of the first principle of this college was Colonel Oliver St John.

97. Which of the following was the main reason for the annexation of Berar?

(A) The Nizam of Berar had no adopted son
(B) The abundance of raw materials of the textile industry
(C) The Nizam of Berar attacked the British
(D) None of the above

Correct Answer: (B) The abundance of raw materials of the textile industry

Answer Explanation:
Berar had a huge potential to supply raw materials to the textile industries of Britain. That was the main reason for the annexation of Berar in the year 1853. Though it was said that the Nizam of Berar failed to pay the outstanding money of the British.

98. The actual revolt of 1857 was started from which of the following places?

(A) Kanpur
(B) Meerut
(C) Lucknow
(D) Bihar

Correct Answer: (B) Meerut

Answer Explanation:
The actual revolt of 1857 was started on 10th May in Meerut. The sepoys of 3rd Native Cavalary insisted not to use the greased cartridge. That is why Eighty-Five sepoys were dismissed and sentenced for ten years. On May 10, the sepoys revolted and forcefully released their fellow comrades by killing officers. The intense revolt started.

99. Who among the following assisted Nana Saheb in Kanpur during the great revolt of 1857?

(A) Tatya Tope
(B) Hakim Azimullah
(C) Both of them
(D) None of the above

Correct Answer: (C) Both of them

Answer Explanation:
Nana Saheb was the adopted son of Peshwa Bajirao II. He was assisted by Tatya Tope and Minister Hakim Azimullah. The main revolt was controlled by Hakim Azimulla.

100. Which among the following imposition of tax duties was/ were recommended by James Wilson?

(A) Income Tax
(B) License duties on trade and profession
(C) Excise duty on tobacco
(D) All of the above

Correct Answer: (D) All of the above

Answer Explanation:
James Wilson was a famous businessman and economist. He came to India during the reign of Lord Canning in the year 1859 and suggested the imposition of three taxes i.e. Income Tax, License duties on trade and profession, Excise duty on tobacco (Homegrown). After his death, his work was continued by Samuel Liang.

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