Modern Indian History & Freedom Struggle

136. Which among the following committees was/ were associated with the development of Indian Railways?

1. James Mackay Committee
2. William Acworth committee
3. P.A. pope committee
4. Ralph Wedgewood committee

Choose the correct option from the codes given below :

(A) 2 only
(B) 2 & 4
(C) 1, 2 & 3
(D) 1, 2, 3 & 4

Correct Answer: (D) 1, 2, 3 & 4

Answer Explanation:
Committees associated with the development of Indian Railways are James Mackay Committee (1907), William Acworth Committee (1920), P.A. pope committee (1932), Ralph Wedgewood committee (1936).

137. Who among the following was the chairman of the first famine commission?

(A) John Lyall
(B) Richard Strachey
(C) Antony Macdonell
(D) K.C. Neogy

Correct Answer: (B) Richard Strachey

Answer Explanation:
The first famine commission was appointed in the year 1778. The name of the chairman was Richard Strachey. The report of the commission was submitted in 1880.

138. Which among the following matches of Famine commission with their name of the chairman is/ are correct?

1. First Famine Commission- Richard Strachey
2. Second Famine Commission- James Lyall
3. Third Famine Commission- Antony Macdonell

Choose the correct option from the codes given below :

(A) 1 only
(B) 1 & 2
(C) 2 & 3
(D) 1, 2 & 3

Correct Answer: (D) 1, 2 & 3

Answer Explanation:
Famine commissions and their chairman- First Famine Commission (1878)- Richard Strachey, Second Famine Commission (1898)- James Lyall, Third Famine Commission (1901)- Antony Macdonell.

139. The Famine of 1770 affected which among the following places?

1. Bengal
2. Bihar
3. Odisha
4. Jharkhand

Choose the correct option from the codes given below :

(A) 1 & 2
(B) 1 & 3
(C) 1, 2 & 3
(D) 1, 2, 3 & 4

Correct Answer: (D) 1, 2, 3 & 4

Answer Explanation:
The Famine of 1770 mainly affected Bengal and Bihar but some parts of Odisha and Jharkhand and Bangladesh were also affected.

140. Who among the following was the writer of the book “The Blue Mutiny”?

(A) Leo Tolstoy
(B) Blair B. Kling
(C) Martin Luther King Jr.
(D) Michael Madhusudan Dutta

Correct Answer: (B) Blair B. Kling

Answer Explanation:
The book “The Blue Mutiny” was written by Blair B. Kling. The book is all about the Indigo disturbances in Bengal and the revolt which was started in the year 1855.

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