Modern Indian History & Freedom Struggle

26. who among the following has written the book” Communist Manifesto”?

(A) Friedrich Engels
(B) Karl Marx
(C) Leonid Gatovsky
(D) Vladimir Lenin

Correct Answer: (B) Karl Marx

27. Which Portuguese Viceroy followed the “Blue Water” policy in India?

(A) Afonso de Albuquerque
(B) Francisco de Almeida
(C) Diogo Lopes de Sequeira
(D) None of them

Correct Answer: (B) Francisco de Almeida

Answer Explanation:
The essence of so called Blue Water Policy adopted by Francisco de Almeida is that Portuguese were not very successful in territorial possessions in India and they followed the path to become very powerful masters of the Indian Ocean.

28. Who among the following was the first to establish ”Printing Press” in India?

(A) British
(B) Portuguese
(C) Dutch
(D) French

Correct Answer: (B) Portuguese

29. The first factory by the Dutch was established at which among the following places?

(A) Surat
(B) Machilipatnam
(C) Negapatnam
(D) Pulicat

Correct Answer: (B) Machilipatnam

Answer Explanation:
The Dutch East India Company was created in 1602 as “United East India Company” and its first permanent trading post was in Indonesia. In India, they established the first factory in Masulipattanam in 1605, followed by Pulicat in 1610, Surat in 1616, Bimilipatam in 1641, and Chinsura in 1653.

30. Who started the process of decentralization of finances in India?

(A) Lord Rippon
(B) Lord Mayo
(C) Lord Curzon
(D) Lord Minto

Correct Answer: (B) Lord Mayo

Answer Explanation:
Lord Mayo or Lord Naas served as 4th Viceroy of India from 12 January 1869 to 8 February 1872. He started the process of decentralization of finance. In foreign affairs, he followed the policy of non-intervention. He opened up Mayo College in Ajmer for educating children of the aristocratic families. India’s census began during his tenure. He was the first Governor General to be murdered in office by a Pathan Sher Ali in Port Blair.

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