Modern Indian History & Freedom Struggle

31. Vinoba Bhave was the first person to offer satyagraha. In which year he offered individual satyagraha?

(A) 1939
(B) 1940
(C) 1941
(D) 1942

Correct Answer: (B) 1940

Answer Explanation:

The Congress was in a confused state again after the August Offer. The radicals and leftists wanted to launch a mass Civil Disobedience Movement, but here Gandhi insisted on Individual Satyagraha. The Individual Satyagraha was not to seek independence but to affirm the right of speech.

  • The other reason of this Satyagraha was that a mass movement may turn violent and he would not like to see Great Britain embarrassed by such a situation. This view was conveyed to Lord Linlithgow by Gandhi when he met him on September 27, 1940.

The non-violence was set as the centerpiece of Individual Satyagraha. This was done by carefully selecting the Satyagrahis.

  • The first Satyagrahi selected was Acharya Vinoba Bhave, who was sent to Jail when he spoke against the war.
  • Second Satyagrahi was Jawahar Lal Nehru.
  • Third was Brahma Datt, one of the inmates of Gandhi’s Ashram.

They all were sent to jails for violating the Defense of India Act. This was followed by a lot of other people. But since it was not a mass movement, it attracted little enthusiasm and in December 1940, Gandhi suspended the movement. The campaign started again in January 1941, this time, thousands of people joined and around 20 thousand people were arrested.

32. Which of the following policy was launched in 1992 just after the end of the cold war, following the collapse of the Soviet Union?

(A) Economic Liberalization
(B) Look East Policy
(C) National Population Policy
(D) National Policy on Education

Correct Answer: (B) Look East Policy

Answer Explanation:
India’s Look East Policy was for the first time pursued by Narsimharao Government in 1992. Under this policy, India focused its attention toward South-East Asia, which was long neglected during the Cold war period. This policy was further cemented by successive prime ministers and now converted into “Act East Policy” by the current government.

33. Who was Prime Minister of England when Simon Commission came to India to review the working of the Government of India Act 1919?

(A) Stanley Baldwin
(B) David Lloyd Georg
(C) Ramsay MacDonald
(D) Minto

Correct Answer: (A) Stanley Baldwin

34. Sarda Act which was sponsored by Harbilas Sarda to the British India Legislature in India was passed on 28 September 1929. This act was to prevent which of the following malice in Indian Society?

(A) Sati System
(B) Child marriage
(C) Dowry System
(D) Widow remarriage

Correct Answer: (B) Child marriage

35. For how many times Mahatma Gandhi was nominated for Nobel Peace Prize?

(A) 3
(B) 4
(C) 5
(D) He never nominated

Correct Answer: (C) 5

Answer Explanation:
Mahatma Gandhi was nominated for the Nobel Peace Prize five times between 1937 and 1948 but never received the prize, being assassinated on 30 January 1948 two days before the closing date for the 1948 Peace Prize nominations.

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