Modern Indian History & Freedom Struggle

16. The Congress and Muslim League had most cordial relationships in between which among the following years?

(A) 1906 to 1916
(B) 1916 to 1922
(C) 1922 to 1928
(D) 1928 to 1934

Correct Answer: (B) 1916 to 1922

Answer Explanation:
In between 1916 – 1922, the Congress had best of relationship with the Muslim League.

17. On which among the following occasions, Bombay was handed over to Britishers by the Portuguese?

(A) Freedom of Portuguese from the control of Spain
(B) Marriage of Charles II with the Portuguese princess Catherine of Braganza
(C) Crushing of Spanish Armada by British in 1588
(D) The Treaty of Madrid in 1630

Correct Answer: (B) Marriage of Charles II with the Portuguese princess Catherine of Braganza

Answer Explanation:
Marriage of Charles II with the Portuguese princess Catherine of Braganza was the occasion of handing over of Bombay to Britishers by the Portuguese (as part of dowry ). On 21 September 1668, the Royal Charter of 27 March 1668, led to the transfer of Bombay from Charles II to the British East India Company for an annual rent of £10.

18. Which among the following apparently impressed Jahangir to issue a farman in 1613 A.D. to the English to establish a factory at Surat?

(A) Reconciliation between the English and Portuguese
(B) A secret offer of naval help to the Mughal emperor to oust the Portuguese
(C) A heavy dose of bribe to Nur Jahan
(D) The defeat of Portuguese naval squadrons by the English

Correct Answer: (D) The defeat of Portuguese naval squadrons by the English

Answer Explanation:
In 1613 AD, Jahangir issued a farman permitting English to establish a factory permanently at Surat. In 1612, the newly formed company had sent four ships under Captain Thomas Best to trade with India. These were mercantile ships but were capable of defending themselves. They defeated the Portuguese, who were already there in Surat for at least 100 years. This defeat apparently so impressed the Emperor Jehangir that he granted the British squadron a firman to trade.

19. Who among the following preached the doctrine of “One religion, one caste and one God for mankind“?

(A) Jyotiba Phule
(B) Vivekananda
(C) Sri Narayan Guru
(D) Dr. B. R. Ambedkar

Correct Answer: (C) Sri Narayan Guru

Answer Explanation:
Sri Narayana Guru preached the doctrine of ‘One caste, One religion, One God.’ Its worth note that one of his atheist disciples, Sahadaran Ayyapan, changed into ‘no religion, no caste and no God for mankind.

20. Who among the following were the main leaders of the Khilafat Movement?

(A) Syed Ahmad Khan and Agha khan
(B) Mohammad Ali and Shaukat Ali
(C) Muhammad Iqbal and Salimullah Khan
(D) Muhammad Ali Jinnah and Sikandar Hayat Khan

Correct Answer: (B) Mohammad Ali and Shaukat Ali

Answer Explanation:
The main object of the Khilafat Movement was to force the British Government to change its attitude towards Turkey and restore the Turkish Sultan (Khalifa) to his former position. A Khilafat Committee was formed under the leadership of Ali Brothers, Maulana Azad, Hakim Ajmal Khan, and Hasrat Mohani.

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