Modern Indian History & Freedom Struggle

1. The Cartaz system with reference to naval trade was used by which of the following?

(A) Dutch
(B) French
(C) English
(D) Portuguese

Correct Answer: (D) Portuguese

Answer Explanation:
Cartaz system referred to a naval trade license or pass issued by the Portuguese in the Indian ocean during the sixteenth century. A similar system used by the British was the navicert system in the 20th century.

2. During the 1857 Mutiny, who among the following was the Governor General of India?

(A) Lord Canning
(B) Lord Elgin
(C) Lord Dalhousie
(D) Lord Elleborough

Correct Answer: (A) Lord Canning

3. “Swaraj ha maza janmasidha adhikar aahe ani to mi milavinach”. The word Swaraj was first of all used by Bal Gangadhar Tilak. Where did Bal Gangadhar Tilak made the above declaration in Marathi?

(A) In Pune Jail
(B) In Yavarda Jail
(C) In Court
(D) In Mandalay Jail

Correct Answer: (C) In Court

Answer Explanation:
In Court, Tilak declared Swaraj ha maza janmasidha adhikar aahe ani to mi milavinach” in court when he was given 7 years rigorous imprisonment in the sedition case against him.
Later Tilak was sent to Mandalay jail for six years.

4. Bhagat Singh, Rajguru, and Sukhdev along with Jaigopal were involved in which among the following conspiracy case?

(A) kanpur Conspiracy Case
(B) Lahore Conspiracy Case
(C) Bhagalapur Conspiracy Case
(D) Alipore Bomb case

Correct Answer: (B) Lahore Conspiracy Case

Answer Explanation:
To avenge the killing of Lal Lajpat Rai, Bhagat Singh, Raj Guru, Jai Gopal, and Sukh Dev conspired to kill the police chief, Scott. But they shot on the DSP – J. P. Saunders, who was killed on the spot. Bhagat Singh immediately fled from Lahore and to avoid recognition, he cut his beard and hair. Later he was trailed in this Lahore Conspiracy Case when he was captured after throwing bomb in Delhi Assembly.

5. The ‘Tebhega’ movement of 1946 is associated with which among the following current states of India?

(A) Andhra Pradesh
(B) West Bengal
(C) Bihar
(D) Odisha

Correct Answer: (B) West Bengal

Answer Explanation:
The Tebhaga movement was led by the sharecroppers of the Bengal region against the oppressive jotedars in 1946-1947. The uprising was due to the sharecropping system that prevailed in the Bengal.

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