Modern Indian History & Freedom Struggle

11. Which among the following observed the Direct Action Day on August 16, 1946?

(A) Muslim League
(B) Christian League
(C) Sikh League
(D) Hindu League

Correct Answer: (A) Muslim League

Answer Explanation:
Muslim League observed the Direct Action Day on August 16, 1946. The objective of the Muslim League was to create an environment of communal riots and terrorism to exhibit that Hindus and Muslims could not reside together.

12. Curzon Wyllie, who was murdered by Madan Lal Dhingra in London, was___?

(A) Secretary of State for India
(B) Adviser to the Secretary of State of India
(C) Law Member
(D) Governor of Bengal

Correct Answer: (B) Adviser to the Secretary of State of India

Answer Explanation:
Madan Lal Dhingra was a great revolutionary from Punjab, associated with the Indian Home Rule Society, The Abhinav Bharat Society, and the Indian House in London. On July 1, 1909, he shot dead Curzon Wyllie an adviser to the secretary of state of India, and Cowas Lolcaca at the meeting of the Indian National Association in London to avenge the atrocities committed by the British in India.

13. During which among the following movements, Mahatma Gandhi remarked: “on bended knees, I asked for bread and received stone instead”?

(A) Khilafat Movement
(B) Non-Cooperation Movement
(C) Dandi March
(D) Quit India Movement

Correct Answer: (C) Dandi March

Answer Explanation:
Dandi March(12th March 1930) also known as the Salt Satyagraha, was undertaken by Gandhiji. He led the Dandi march from his base, Sabarmati Ashram near Ahmedabad, to the sea coast near the village of Dandi. The triggering factor for this movement was the British monopoly of salt trade in India and the imposition of a salt tax. It was a direct action campaign of tax resistance and nonviolent protest against the British salt monopoly in colonial India and triggered the wider Civil Disobedience Movement. “On bended knees, I asked for bread and I have received stone instead”, was a remark made by Gandhiji in the beginning of the march.

14. Which party observed the “Black Day” on July 3, 1947, against Partition of India?

(A) Indian National Congress
(B) Forward Bloc
(C) Hindu Mahasabha
(D) Communist Party of India

Correct Answer: (C) Hindu Mahasabha

Answer Explanation:
3 June Plan or Mountbatten Plan was the partition of British India on the basis of religious demographics. This led to the creation of the sovereign states of the Dominion of Pakistan.

15. Under which among the following treaties, the British East India Company secured the Diwani right of Bengal, Bihar, and Orissa?

(A) Alinagar
(B) Faizabad
(C) Allahabad
(D) Benaras

Correct Answer: (C) Allahabad

Answer Explanation:
Treaty of Allahabad ( 16 August 1765), it was the outcome of the Battle of Buxar (1764). Robert Clive (Governor General of Bengal) made a separate treaty with Mughal Emperor Shah Alam II and Nawab of Awadh Shuja-ud-daulah. A/c to this treaty, Mughal Emperor granted Fiscal Rights (Diwani) to the East India Company at Bengal, Bihar, and Orissa.

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