Ancient Indian History

1. Which Greek ambassador set up a pillar in honor of Vishnu?

(A) Megasthenes
(B) Heliodoros
(C) Theodorus
(D) Plato

Correct Answer: (B) Heliodoros

Answer Explanation:
The Greek ambassador Heliodoros set up a pillar in honor of Vishnu (Vasudev) at Vidisha. He was sent to the court of Sunga King, Bhagbhadra by the Greek King of Taxila, Antialkidas.

2. Who was the first Saka king in India?

(A) Moga
(B) Rudradaman
(C) Azes
(D) Ghatotkacha

Correct Answer: (A) Moga

Answer Explanation:
An Indo-Scythian king, Moga (or Maues) was the first Saka king in India who established Saka power in Gandhara and extended supremacy over north-western India.

3. Which of the following Upanishads is written in prose?

(A) Isa
(B) Katha
(C) Brihadaranyaka
(D) Svetasvatara

Correct Answer: (C) Brihadaranyaka

Answer Explanation:
Brihadaranyaka is the correct answer to this question.

4. Who among the following laid down for punishment for a person becoming mendicant without making adequate provision for dependent wife and children?

(A) Manu
(B) Yajnavalkya
(C) Kautilya
(D) Narada

Correct Answer: (C) Kautilya

Answer Explanation:
Chanakya: He is also known by Vishnugupta, Kautilya, who was born around 350 BC and is known for his being the chief architect of the Mauryan Empire and writing the pioneering work in Economics and Political Science that is Arthashstra. He is known as Indian Machiavelli in the western world.

5. The title “Paramasaugata” was adopted by ___?

(A) Bhaskar Varman
(B) Shashanka
(C) Rajya Vardhana
(D) Harsha

Correct Answer: (C) Rajya Vardhana

Answer Explanation:
Rajyavardhana has been mentioned as Parama- Saugata in Harsha’s Madhuvana and Banskhera inscriptions.

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