Ancient Indian History

31. The ruler of Kushan dynasty, Kanishka was the follower of__?

(A) Jainism
(B) Hinayanism
(C) Hindusim
(D) Mahayanism

Correct Answer: (D) Mahayanism

Answer Explanation:
Kanishka was the follower of Mahayanism or the new theory of Buddhism. Mahayana means the Greater Vehicle. It refers to the path of the Bodhisattva seeking complete enlightenment for the benefit of all sentient beings, also called Bodhisattva Vehicle.

32. Who among the following introduced Shaka era?

(A) Ashoka
(B) Kanishka
(C) Rudraraman
(D) Bimbisara

Correct Answer: (B) Kanishka

Answer Explanation:
Kushana emperor Kanishka is credited with the initiation of the Saka era on his accession to the throne in 78 A D.

33. Which among the following kings was also known as Mamallan (great wrestler)?

(A) Pulakesi II
(B) Mahendravarman I
(C) Narasimhavarman I
(D) None of the above

Correct Answer: (C) Narasimhavarman I

Answer Explanation:
Narasimhavarman I was a Tamil king of the Pallava dynasty who ruled South India from 630–668 A.D. Narasimhavarman was also known as Mamallan (great wrestler) and Mamallapuram (Mahabalipuram) was named after him

34. Rajatarangini, a book that generally recorded the heritage of Kashmir in the 12th Century, was written by__:

(A) Pravaragupta
(B) Kalhana
(C) Lalitapida
(D) Kashyapa

Correct Answer: (B) Kalhana

Answer Explanation:
Kalhana penned the book named Rajatarangini in 12th century CE. It is a metrical historical chronicle of north-western Indian subcontinent, particularly the kings of Kashmir, written in Sanskrit. Rajatarangini describe the misrule prevailing in Kashmir during the reign of King Kalash, son of King Ananta Deva of Kashmir.

35. Which of the following is the most common motif of the Indus Seals ?

(A) Unicorn
(B) Bull
(C) Rhinoceros
(D) Elephant

Correct Answer: (A) Unicorn

Answer Explanation:
The unicorn is the most common motif on Indus seals and appears to represent a mythical animal that Greek and Roman sources trace back to the Indian subcontinent.

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