Ancient Indian History

11. What was the fifth tenet added by Tirthankara Mahavira to the four basic tenets of Jainism?

(A) Non injury
(B) Non lying
(C) Observe continence
(D) Non stealing

Correct Answer: (C) Observe continence

Answer Explanation:
The five main teachings of Jainism are do not commit violence, do not speak a lie, do not steal, do not acquire property and observe continence (brahmacharya). The brahmacharya was added by Lord Mahavira.

12. During reign of Harsha, the Kannauj assembly was held to publicise the doctrines of which of the following sects?

(A) Mahayana
(B) Hinayana
(C) Theravada
(D) Svetambara

Correct Answer: (A) Mahayana

Answer Explanation:
The Kannauj assembly (643 AD) was held in the honor of Hieun Tsang (Chinese pilgrim) and to popularise Mahayana sect of Buddhism.Harshavardhana was a Mahayana Buddhist. He organised Kannauj assembly (643 AD) to popularise the Mahayana sect of Buddhism. Though, he was a tolerant ruler and supported all Indic faiths viz. Buddhism, Vedism and Jainism. The scholars regarded him as the last great Hindu emperor of India, who ruled over Northern India.

13. Mathura, the famous city was the capital of which ancient Mahajanapada?

(A) Panchal
(B) Kasi
(C) Kuru
(D) Surasena

Correct Answer: (D) Surasena

Answer Explanation:
Sursena Mathura, the famous city was the capital of Sursena Mahajanpada

14. In which year, Ashoka invaded Kalinga?

(A) 261 BC
(B) 235 BC
(C) 285 BC
(D) 275 BC

Correct Answer: (A) 261 BC

Answer Explanation:
The Mauryan emperor, Ashoka invaded Kalinga in 261 BC and after a fierce battle Kalinga was conquered. The 13th rock edict of Ashoka elaborates the Kalinga war.

15. At which among the following places, the Dharma-Chakra Jina Vihara was constructed by Gahadavala Queen Kumaradevi?

(A) Bodha Gaya
(B) Rajgrih
(C) Kushinagar
(D) Sarnath

Correct Answer: (D) Sarnath

Answer Explanation:
Dharmachakra Jina Vihara In Sarnath, Varanasi: The last great monument in the 12th century: The temples included what is described as the Main Shrine and another entitled the, Dharmachakra Jina Vihara was the gift of Kumaradevi, the Buddhist queen of the great Gahadavala king Govindrachandra of Kannauj (CE 1114-1154).

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