Ancient Indian History

41. The Brihadishwara Temple (Rajarajeswaram) is situated at?

(A) Madhya Pradesh
(B) Thanjavur
(C) Lucknow
(D) Andhra Pradesh

Correct Answer: (B) Thanjavur

Answer Explanation:
Brihadeeswarar Temple or Peruvudaiyar Kovil or Rajrajeshwaram temple at Thanjavur is the world’s first complete “granite” temple. It was built by Rajaraja Chola-I and is a part of UNESCO’s World Heritage sites. The Vimana or the temple tower (known as Raja Gopuram) is 216 feet in height and is one of the tallest buildings of its kind. The Nandi is carved out of a single rock. This temple has completed 1 millennium in 2010. It was dictated by lord Shiva to Rajraja Chola I when he triumphed Ilam (Sri Lanka) Island.

42. At which among the following places, the famous Bull Seal of Indus Valley Civilization was found?

(A) Harappa
(B) Mehrgarh
(C) Mohenjo-Daro
(D) Adamagarh

Correct Answer: (C) Mohenjo-Daro

Answer Explanation:
  • The famous Bull-seal of Indus Valley Civilization was found at Mohenjo-Daro.
  • The Bull-seal is known to be dated back to around 2200-2500 BC.
  • Seals were extensively used as an authentication mechanism during the trade of goods by the harappans.
  • The Pashupati seal was found in the Harappan site of Mohenjo-Daro.
  • The Dockyard was excavated in the Harappan site of Lothal.
  • The Carnelian beads were found at the site of Chanhudaro.

43. Which among the following was the state emblem of Pandyas?

(A) Fish
(B) Bow & Arrow
(C) Sun
(D) Horse

Correct Answer: (A) Fish

Answer Explanation:
When Madurai Pandya left Buddhism they changed the horse with Bodhi tree to Fish, a symbol of Vishnu. This Fish Symbol became the dynastic emblem of the Pandyan.

44. Bhandi was a chief secretary of which among the following Indian Kings?

(A) Samudragupta
(B) Chandragupta Vikramaditya
(C) Harshavardhan
(D) Skandgupta

Correct Answer: (C) Harshavardhan

Answer Explanation:
Bhandi was a leading noble of Kannauj and on the advice of the political leaders of Kannauj; he offered the crown of Kannauj to Harsha after the death of Grahavarmana. Bhandi was later described as one of the chief officers of Harsha. When Harsha chased Shashanka for the release of his sister, through Bhandi only Harsha could know that his sister has been released and Shashanka has escaped.

45. Which among the following sites near Pondicherry gives the best support to the view on an ancient trade between Rome and the ancient Tamil country of India?

(A) Villianur
(B) Suttukeni
(C) Arikamedu
(D) Andiarpalayam

Correct Answer: (C) Arikamedu

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