Indian Polity and Constitution MCQs

31. Part IV A of our constitution is related to ____?

(A) Citizenship
(B) Fundamental rights
(C) Fundamental duities

Correct Answer: (C) Fundamental duities

Answer Explanation:
Part-II: Citizenship
Part-III: Fundamental rights
Part-IV A- Fundamental duities

32. Which among the following are included in nagar panchayat?

(A) Notified Area Committee only
(B) Town Area Committee only
(C) Both Notified Area Committee & Town Area Committee
(D) None of the above

Correct Answer: (C) Both Notified Area Committee & Town Area Committee

33. Which of the following funds in charged for the salary and other allowances of the Judges of the High Courts?

(A) Consolidated fund of India
(B) Consolidated fund of state
(C) both of them in 1:1 ratio
(D) None of the above

Correct Answer: (B) Consolidated fund of state

34. No amount from the “Consolidated Fund of India” can be withdrawn without the authorization from _________?

(A) Parliament
(B) President
(D) Prime minister

Correct Answer: (A) Parliament

35. The writ of “Habeas Corpus” can be issued in which of the following events ?

(A) to seek relief from the unlawful detention of him or herself
(B) to seek refund of excess taxes
(C) to seek relief from the violation of freedom to speak
(D) None of the above

Correct Answer: (A) to seek relief from the unlawful detention of him or herself

Answer Explanation:
Habeas Corpus literally means ‘to have the body of’. Via this writ, the court can cause any person who has been detained or imprisoned to be physically brought before the court. The court then examines the reason of his detention and if there is no legal justification of his detention, he can be set free. Such a writ can be issued in following example cases:
  • When the person is detained and not produced before the magistrate within 24 hours
  • When the person is arrested without any violation of a law.
  • When a person is arrested under a law which is unconstitutional
  • When detention is done to harm the person or is mala fide.

Thus, Habeas corpus writ is called bulwark of individual liberty against arbitrary detention. A general rule of filing the petition is that a person whose right has been infringed must file a petition. But Habeas corpus is an exception and anybody on behalf of the detainee can file a petition. Habeas corpus writ is applicable to preventive detention also. This writ can be issued against both public authorities as well as individuals.

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