Indian Polity and Constitution MCQs

11. The law created by a legislature is called ?

(A) Money Bill
(B) Legislation or statutory law
(C) Budget
(D) None of the above

Correct Answer: (B) Legislation or statutory law

12. Which among the following amendments added the Fundamental Duties as per recommendations of Sardar Swaran Singh Committee?

(A) 38th
(B) 40th
(C) 42nd
(D) 44th

Correct Answer: (C) 42nd

Answer Explanation:
Sardar Swaran Singh committee was constituted by Indira Gandhi soon after emergency was imposed in the country. The objective of this committee was to study the question of amending the constitution in the light of past experiences and recommend the amendments. The 42nd amendment act which is also called “Mini Constitution” which amended many articles and even the Preamble was a result of the recommendations of Sardar Swaran Singh Committee.  The 10 fundamental duties were also added as per the recommendations of Sardar Swaran Singh Committee.

13. An Individual Minister can be removed by ______?

(A) Prime Minister
(B) Council of Ministers
(C) Parliament
(D) President

Correct Answer: (D) President

14. A Rajya Sabha member is elected for a term which extends _____?

(A) 3 years
(B) 4 years
(C) 5 years
(D) 6 years

Correct Answer: (D) 6 years

Answer Explanation:
Rajya Sabha has an indefinite term and not subject to dissolution (Article 83.1). The term of an Individual Rajya Sabha member is 6 years and one third of its members retire every two years, in accordance with the rules as prescribed by the parliament of India.

15. New All India services can be initiated in India only if the following makes a recommendation?

(A) President
(B) Rajya sabha
(C) Lok sabha
(D) Council of ministers

Correct Answer: (B) Rajya sabha

Answer Explanation:
As per the Constitution of India, a new All India service can be instituted with only on the initiative of Rajya Sabha. Article 312 of the constitution says
“Notwithstanding anything in [Chapter VI of Part VI or Part XI], if the Council of States has declared by resolution supported by not less than two-thirds of the members present and voting that it is necessary or expedient in the national interest so to do, Parliament may by law provide for the creation of one or more all India services [(including an all-India judicial service)] common to the Union and the States, and, subject to the other provisions of this Chapter, regulate the recruitment, and the conditions of service of persons appointed, to any such service.”

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