Medieval Indian History

1. Which one of the following pairs is not correctly matched?

(A) Baz Bahadur- Malwa
(B) Sultan Muzaffar Shah-Gujarat
(C) Yusuf Adil Shah-Ahmednagar
(D) Qutub Shah -Golkunda

Correct Answer: (C) Yusuf Adil Shah-Ahmednagar

Answer Explanation:
Yusuf Adil Shah was the founder of the Adil Shahi dynasty that ruled the Sultanate of Bijapur.

2. Which among the following office was held by the superintendent of the port under the Mughals?

(A) Mutsaddi
(B) Mir-i-Bahar
(C) Tahvildar
(D) Mushrif

Correct Answer: (B) Mir-i-Bahar

Answer Explanation:
Administration under Akbar: The Mir-i-Bahar was in charge of customs and boats and ferry taxes, and port duties in coastal towns.

3. The lowest in rank in the Maratha infantry was of__?

(A) Nayak
(B) Hawaldar
(C) Zumladar
(D) Hazari

Correct Answer: (B) Hawaldar

Answer Explanation:
Hawaldar was the lowest in rank in the Maratha Infantry.

4. Which among the following Mughal Emperor was also known as Roshan Akhtar?

(A) Ahmed Shah
(B) Muhammad Shah
(C) Jahandar Shah
(D) Shah Alam

Correct Answer: (B) Muhammad Shah

Answer Explanation:
Muhammad Shah Rangile also is known as Roshan Akhtar, was the Mughal emperor between 1719 and 1748. During his time, Nadir Shah attacked and looted Delhi and took the Peacock Throne with himself.

5. The irrigation tax was charged on the farmers for the first time by which among the following Sultans?

(A) Alauddin Khilji
(B) Ghiyasuddin Tughlaq
(C) Mohammad Tughlaq
(D) Firoz Tughlaq

Correct Answer: (D) Firoz Tughlaq

Answer Explanation:
Firoz Shah Tughlaq was the cousin brother of Muhammad Bin Tughlaq, and became the ruler of Delhi on 23rd march 1351 A.D. He imposed only four taxes sanctioned by Islamic viz., kharaj (land tax), khams (1/5 of the looted property during wars), Jizya (religious tax on the Hindus), and Zakat (2½per cent of the income of the Muslims which was spent for the welfare of Muslim subjects and their religion). He imposed irrigation tax after getting it sanctioned from the Ulema.

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