Indian Arts & Culture

1. Castle Naggar heritage site is located in __:

(A) Himachal Pradesh
(B) Punjab
(C) Odisha
(D) Haryana

Correct Answer: (A) Himachal Pradesh

2. Which among the following Kings built the Kailashnath Temple of Ellora?

(A) Rashtrakuta king Krishna I
(B) Narasimhavarman II
(C) Rashtrakuta king Krishna II
(D) None of the above

Correct Answer: (A) Rashtrakuta king Krishna I

Answer Explanation:
Rashtrakuta king, krishna-1 had built the Kailash temple of Ellora. It is considered as the wonder of rock-out architecture. Kailasanath Temple is a famous temple, one of the 34 monasteries and temples, known collectively as the Ellora Caves, extending over more than 2 km, that were dug side by side in the wall of a high basalt cliff in the complex located at Ellora, Maharashtra, India.

3. Who among the following got the Mahabharata translated into Persian and named it as ‘Razmnameh’?

(A) Akbar
(B) Jahangir
(C) Aurangzeb
(D) None of the above

Correct Answer: (A) Akbar

Answer Explanation:
The Mahabharata was translated into Persian at Akbar’s orders, by Faizi and `Abd al-Qadir Bada’uni (c. 1540 – 1615) and named Razmnameh.

4. Among the five monolithic rathas of Pallavas at Mahabalipuram, the largest is ___?

(A) Arjuna
(B) Bhima
(C) Dharmaraja
(D) Draupadi

Correct Answer: (C) Dharmaraja

Answer Explanation:
Mahabalipuram Temples: Pallava dynasty: The five monolithic rathas are square or oblong in plan, pyramidal in elevation and varying in their overall dimensions. the Dharmaraja Ratha constructed in Pallava style is the largest of all, having huge pillats in the portico with statue of lions, pyramidal tower and turret roof.

5. Sayana, an important commentator on Vedas was associated with which among the following empires?

(A) Chola Empire
(B) Vijayanagar Empire
(C) Hoyasala Empire
(D) Bahmani Empire

Correct Answer: (B) Vijayanagar Empire

Answer Explanation:
Sayana: was an important commentator on the Vedas. His commentary on the Rigveda was edited by Max Müller, 1849-1875. He flourished under king Bukka I and his successor Harihara II in the Vijayanagar Empire of South India.

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