Carbohydrate – Section 1

6. Gluconeogenesis requires a higher amount of ATP equivalents as compared to that produced by glycolysis because

A. gluconeogenesis releases energy as heat
B. glycolysis releases energy as heat
C. glycolysis occurs in the mitochondria while gluconeogenesis occurs in the cytosol
D. all of the above

Correct Answer: B. glycolysis releases energy as heat

7. Which of the following is carried out when cAMP functions as a second messenger?

A. Acts second in importance to AMP
B. Activates all cytosolic protein kinases
C. Activates the cAMP-dependent protein kinase
D. Acts outside the cell to influence cellular processes

Correct Answer: C. Activates the cAMP-dependent protein kinase

8. The production or break down of __________ is often coupled with the metabolic reactions of biosynthesis and catabolism.

A. aspirin
B. DNA
C. ATP
D. CO2

Correct Answer: C. ATP

9. The cells dependent solely on glucose as an energy source are

A. muscle cells
B. brain cells
C. kidney cells
D. liver cells

Correct Answer: B. brain cells

10. The main site for gluconeogenesis is

A. kidney
B. liver
C. brain
D. muscle

Correct Answer: B. liver

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