Micro Organisms – Section 1

16. Which of the following structure is absent in eukaryotic cells?

A. Mitochondria
B. Chloroplasts
C. Golgi structure
D. Mesosome

Correct Answer: D. Mesosome

17. Who was the inventor of the Petri dish?

A. R.J. Petri, an assistant of R. Koch
B. A famous French cook
C. Italian glassblower from Petri, Italy
D. None of the above

Correct Answer: A. R.J. Petri, an assistant of R. Koch

18. Which one is not studied in microbiology?

A. Bacteria
B. Animal behavior
C. Fungi
D. Algae

Correct Answer: B. Animal behavior

19. A characteristic of protein synthesis in both the archaea and eukarya is

A. transcription and translation are coupled
B. translation is inhibited by diphtheria toxin
C. proteins are synthesized from D-, rather than L-, isomers of amino acids
D. the initiator tRNA is charged with N-formyl-methionine

Correct Answer: C. proteins are synthesized from D-, rather than L-, isomers of amino acids

20. Cell theory includes all of the following except

A. all organisms are composed of one or more cells
B. the cell is the most primitive form of life
C. the cell is the structural unit of life
D. cells arise by division of preexisting cells

Correct Answer: B. the cell is the most primitive form of life

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