Computer Fundamentals – Section 12

11. What type of memory is not directly addressable by the CPU and requires special software called EMS (expanded memory specification)?

A. Extended
B. Expanded
C. Base
D. Conventional
E. Basic system

Correct Answer: B. Expanded

12. Number cruncher is the informal name for

A. Mini computer
B. Super computer
C. Micro computer
D. Mainframe computer
E. None of the above

Correct Answer: B. Super computer

13. Magnetic tape can serve as

A. Input media
B. Output media
C. Secondary storage media
D. All of the above
E. None of the above

Correct Answer: D. All of the above

14. Which is the first compiler-level language developed by a team of IBM programmers led by John Backus and unveiled in 1957?

A. BASIC
B. PL/1
C. FORTRAN
D. APL
E. None of the above

Correct Answer: C. FORTRAN

15. The first mechanical calculator was invented in

A. 1958
B. 1647
C. 1658
D. 1972
E. None of the above

Correct Answer: B. 1647

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